zum Inhalt springen

Manuel Brando
MPI CPfS Dresden


Ferromagnetic quantum criticality in heavy fermion systems

Heavy fermion (HF) systems are metals where the weak hybridisation between nearly localized f-electrons and the mobile conduction electrons, i.e. the Kondo e ect, leads to a Fermi liquid (FL) ground state with narrow bands and quasiparticles with strongly enhanced e ective electronic masses. When the magnetic RKKY interaction becomes comparable to the Kondo interaction, magnetic order can appear, mostly at very low T. The magnetic order can be suppressed by an external parameter, e.g. pressure or magnetic eld, inducing a quantum phase transition (QPT) at T = 0. If this QPT is continuous, the associated quantum critical point (QCP) is surrounded by a non- FL regime of quantum critical fuctuations where unconventional superconductivity or novel phases of matter may arise [1].

The unambiguous observation of antiferromagnetic (AFM) QCPs in HF systems [2] has led to an increasing number of theoretical and experimental works in order to understand QPTs as deeply as their classical counterpart. Although it has been demonstrated that in antiferromagnets QCPs exist, in ferromagnets there is still no clear evidence. Intensive investigations have shown that metallic ferromagnets are inherently unstable [3, 4] and do not exhibit a FM QCP.

However, in the recently discovered HF system YbNi4P2, a quasi-1D ferromagnet with a remarkably-low TC = 0:15K [5, 6], the T-divecgence in the Grüneisen ratio [7] points to the presence of a FM QCP. I will present a general overview of the state of the art of FM quantum criticality in HF systems, discussing in particular the cases of YbNi4P2 [5, 6], CeFePO [8], CePd1-xRhx [9] as well as the AFM system YbRh2Si2 [10] where FM order is induced by chemical pressure [11].



[1] H. Q. Yuan et al., Science 302 2104 (2003)
[2] J. Custers et al., Nature 424 524 (2003)
[3] D. Belitz et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 4707 (1999)
[4] M. Uhlarz et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 256404 (2004)
[5] C. Krellner et al., New J. Phys. 13 103014 (2011)
[6] A. Steppke et al., Science 339 933 (2013)
[7] L. Zhu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 066404 (2003)
[8] S. Lausberg et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 216402 (2012)
[9] T. Westerkamp et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 206404 (2009)
[10] P. Gegenwart et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 076402 (2005)
[11] S. Lausberg et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 256402 (2013)